Scarlet fever is a bacterial microbe that causes a characteristic red rash and mainly affects children.
Health experts have warned parents about the signs of this disease highly contagious, scarlet fever, after it was recently learned that the number of cases had reached an all-time high since the 1960s. Here’s what you need to know.
80% of scarlet fever cases affect children under 10 years of age, and these cases are increasing.
Parents are on high alert as the number of cases has skyrocketed across the country.
During the week prior to the 1st. April1,624 cases have been registered.
And in the last three months, cases of the disease have skyrocketed, with reports of scarlet fever 2.3 times higher than during the same 13-week period in 2017, 2016 and 2015.
Among January and March this year, there were 15,500 cases of scarlet fever in England, double last year’s figure and the highest since 1982, according to Public Health England (PHE).
Nick Phin, deputy director of the National Infection Service at PHE, said: “While it’s not uncommon to see an increase in case of scarlet fever at this time of year, the numbers we’ve seen this year haven’t been seen since 1982, when the PHE took over the data collection for notifiable diseases.
And in the winter months, 11,981 cases were registered, compared to 4,480 in the same five-year period twelve months earlier.
Scarlet fever is feared to reach epidemic proportions, with the number of reported cases being the highest since the 1960s.
– blah bye (@joyce76761260) March 15, 2020
Dr Theresa Lamagni, from Public Health England, said: While current rates are a far cry from those seen in the early 20th century, the scale of the recent increase is larger than anything documented over the past century.
The bacterial infection of scarlet fever, which causes a characteristic pink rash, is more common in childrenwith 89% of recent cases occurring in children 10 years of age or younger.
This contagious virus is airborne and the bacteria can even be carried people not infected
What is scarlet fever?
This contagious disease is caused by the bacteria Streptococcus pyogenes, which can appear on the skin and throat.
It usually affects children between the ages of 5 and 15 and often causes a fever and a large red rash on the body.
From September to the end of January 2017, 369 cases were recorded in the West Midlands, compared to 309 in the same period last year.
Meanwhile, in London, the cases are past from 336 to 386 and in the Northwest, from 546 to 500, in the same period.
The disease is so contagious that it spreads easily in an epidemic.
You can get scarlet fever by inhaling bacteria from airborne droplets, touching the skin of an infected person, or sharing towels, tubs, clothing, or washcloths. laundry of contaminated beds.
It is possible to get it from people who carry the virus, but who are not necessarily infected.
What are the symptoms of scarlet fever?
The first signs Warning signs of this bacteria are a sore throat or skin infection, including blisters or impetigo.
People with scarlet fever may also experience headaches, a high temperature, flushed cheeks, and a swollen tongue.
One or two days after these first symptoms, the sign the most visible manifestation of the disease.
A red rash and dry tongue are some of the symptoms of scarlet fever.
Scarlet fever causes a large pink or red rash on the skin that is often itchy and looks like sandpaper.
In addition to this, the NHS outlines other symptoms to look out for.
- swollen neck glands
loss of appetite
nausea or vomiting
red lines in the folds of the body, such as the armpits, which may persist for a few days after the rash disappears.
a white coating on the tongue, which peels off a few days later, leaving the tongue red and swollen (this is called strawberry tongue)
a general feeling of malaise.
People with scarlet fever are advised to wash their hands regularly after coughing to prevent the spread of the virus.
In the past, cases of scarlet fever could be extremely serious.
FortunatelyToday, cases are often mild and can be easily treated with antibiotics.
Parents are advised to make an appointment for their children with their local GP if they notice symptoms of this bacteria.