What do the candidates promise about the electric car?

Image: Pixabay – Thor Deichmann / Montage AP

The French are called to vote on April 10 and 24 to elect their future president. Automobile Propre examined the program of the 12 candidates to find out their position on the issue of the electric vehicle and the decarbonization of transport. Despite its importance, the subject is again treated without greater rigor by most of the suitors.

Electric vehicles, recharging infrastructure, retrofitting, agrofuels: the decarbonisation of transport and in particular of the automobile represents a monumental part of the energy transition. However, few candidates seem to have mastered the subject. Some do not even mention it in their program, while others are content with fanciful proposals or disconnected from reality.

We have reviewed the program of the 12 contenders and extracted, when there are any, the passages that evoke the issue of decarbonization as well as the electrification of the car and transport. Here they are, listed in alphabetical order by each candidate’s name.

Nathalie Arthaud – Work Force

Without a budgeted program, Nathalie Arthaud never mentions the electrification of transport in her campaign arguments.

Nicolas Dupont-Aignan – Arise France

The candidate promises “Replace the 10 million vehicles with the highest energy consumption in 10 years through a new favorable bonus-malus for electric and low-emission vehicles”. Without specifying more, you want “Accelerate the installation of fast charging stations for electric cars”. Finally promise “accelerate the performance of anti-pollution tests in real conditions”.

Anne Hidalgo – Socialist Parties

The current mayor of Paris wishes to create “a system of social leasing” in association with car manufacturers and rental companies, in order to make electric vehicles “accessible to individuals for a monthly cost lower than the cost of a gasoline vehicle”.

It also plans to establish a “Zero rate loan for sustainable mobility” to help “to the acquisition of electric vehicles and retrofit”. Regarding the charging infrastructure, Anne Hidalgo seems to be a bit confused when she announces that“One million additional electrical terminals will be deployed throughout the country, with priority for rural areas, in a national plan, built with local authorities, for electrical and hydrogen-based infrastructure.”

Yannick Jadot – Europe Ecology The Greens

If the environmentalist is one of the candidates who most evokes the decarbonization of transport, his treatment of the subject sometimes lacks precision. Thus, he promises to double “conversion aid to help low-income households replace their vehicle with an electric car. ». “1 million vehicles will benefit from a transformation of thermal engines into electric motors (retrofit) to convert them into more efficient and less polluting vehicles. This system can affect private vehicles, but also professional and community fleets. » he completes

Yannick Jadot wants to accelerate “the reconversion and establishment in France of the entire value chain for the production of electric vehicles”. “We will work with the regional councils and the actors in the automotive services sector to build training and recycling plans for mechanics, collectives and the self-employed, to support the development of professions linked to the deployment of electric vehicles. » he announces.

Very focused on the conversion of thermal vehicles, the environmental candidate wants to mount “a system of advances to the mechanics so that they can obtain the necessary approvals for the adaptation, in order to increase the number of players present in this market”.

Furthermore, Yannick Jadot promises “end the marketing of individual internal combustion engine vehicles, in particular gasoline and diesel, by 2030”. “The transition will be accompanied by a plan to delocalize the production of electric vehicles, support for low-income households and the installation of charging points throughout the territory” he writes, without quantifying his proposal.

Jean Lassalle – Resist

Jean Lassalle’s program does not mention the electrification of transport.

Marine Le Pen – National Rally

The far-right candidate is content with a few random lines on the subject. she announces “thanks to nuclear energy”to strengthen “the current electricity distribution network to cover the needs of electric vehicles, achieving savings over three years compared to an adaptation to renewables that has become unnecessary”. Marine Le Pen also promises a “€1,000 loan to equip a car or utility vehicle with an ethanol conversion unit.”

Emmanuel Macron – The Republic on the Move

In line with the announcements made during his mandate, the candidate for succession wishes “Continue to invest to become a leader in green hydrogen, producing millions of electric and hybrid vehicles and the first low-carbon aircraft.” Emmanuel Macron also promises to bring out “an affordable offer of electric cars for all thanks to a 100% French sector”.

Regarding the charging infrastructure, it ensures that “More than half of motorway service areas are already equipped with fast charging stations for electric vehicles” and that “Everything will be by the end of 2022”. An extremely optimistic promise, 42% of the 364 service areas were equipped with fast charging stations by the end of 2021 according to ASFA, the Association of French Highway Companies. A figure that does not take into account the 623 rest areas, which are smaller than the service areas.

“By 2030 a sovereign electric vehicle production chain will be operational” assures the outgoing president. “Almost all vehicles produced in France will be electric and at an affordable price. To this end, the innovation and production of batteries directly in our territory is supported. » he advances like this “2 million electric and hybrid vehicles will be produced each year in France” at the same time promises Emmanuel Macron.

Jean-Luc Mélenchon – La France Insoumise

Despite a 20-page thematic brochure dedicated to transport, Jean-Luc Mélenchon’s program deals little with the subject of electric vehicles. For his third and last candidacy for the presidency of the republic, he only promises“start a public service of electric vehicle charging stations on public roads, to ensure their equitable deployment throughout France and their accessibility to all. »

Furthermore, the far-left candidate wants “Develop low-emission vehicle fleet endowment systems for low-income households throughout the territory”. Supporter of alternative fuels, announces “support the search for solutions to operate the existing fleet of thermal engines with low ecological impact fuels (syngas, used cooking oils, etc.).

Valérie Pécresse – The Republicans

The candidate promised the “end of the sale of new thermal vehicles in 2035 and new plug-in hybrids in 2040”. Without specifying how, you want to develop “a second-hand market for electric vehicles”. Valérie Pécresse also plans to support the “biofuels” and the “Hydrogen and electricity projects for aeronautics and logistics”.

Addresses Emmanuel Macron, evoking “The 100,000 electric charging stations promised by the government” [qui se feraient] “always waiting” and outbid by advertising “Deploy 200,000 electrical terminals throughout the territory with a territory coverage plan piloted by the Regions. »

The candidate also wants “maintain the conversion bonus and the ecological bonus that the current government has decided to reduce in advance by €1,000 on July 1, 2022”.

Valerie Pécresse wants “establish a zero-rate loan for the purchase of clean vehicles for low-income households in order to reduce the remaining charge”. In addition, she announces “develop the retrofit sector that allows the transformation of your vehicle by the French, promoting local employment and the circular economy. »

Philippe Poutou – New Anti-Capitalist Party

Philippe Poutou’s program does not mention the electrification of transport.

Fabien Roussel – Communist Party

Despite the development of a very detailed program, Fabien Roussel does not comment on the electrification of transport. he just mentions “Specific aid for the acquisition of light, cheaper and less polluting vehicles”.

Eric Zemmour – Recapture

Without great mastery of the subject, Eric Zemmour promises to develop “credible and sustainable alternatives to hydrocarbons (such as thermal renewable energies or biofuels for transport)”. he wants it that way “develop electricity and hydrogen in public transport that can easily benefit from a charging system (buses, shuttles, coaches)”.

At random, the candidate announces that he wants “decarbonize transport by combining the various promising technologies (electric batteries, fuel cells, biofuels and synthetic fuels for aviation and the sea)”. Without specifying further, you agree to “promote the deployment of electric vehicle charging points throughout the territory”.

Candidate Scores

🟢 = Main theme of the program, complete and rigorous treatment, realistic and well-founded proposals.
🟡 = Topic mentioned but incomplete treatment, mixture of realistic and unrealistic and/or irrelevant proposals.
🔴 = Topic mentioned but very incomplete treatment, non-rigorous, unrealistic and/or irrelevant proposals.
🟤 = Subject not mentioned in the program.

Candidate

transport electrification

ARTHAUD Nathalie

🟤

DUPONT-AIGNAN Nicholas

🔴

Ana HIDALGO

🟡

JADOT Yannick

🟡

Jean LASSALLE

🟤

LE PEN Navy blue

🔴

Emmanuel MACRON

🟡

MELENCHON Jean-Luc

🔴

Valerie PECRESSE

🟡

POUTOU Philippe

🟤

rousel fabien

🟤

ZEMMOREric

🔴

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