One in six people have a headache every day, most of them women

the headache It is one of the most common ailments in the world. One team wanted to take stock and summarize the data from numerous available studies on the subject. What are the most common types of headaches? what are your durations ? His work was published on April 12 in the magazine The headache and pain diary.

What are the most common types of migraine?

The authors considered all studies of Il existe plusieurs types de…” data-image=”” data-url=”” data-more=”Lire la suite”>predominance and epidemiology on the topic “headaches” published between 1961 and 2020. The data was extracted and then exploited using two different statistical methods: two-dimensional analysis and a multiple linear regression model. A total of 357 publications were analyzed.

Four categories were defined: headaches of all types, migraines, tension headaches, and headaches present more than 15 days per month.

Tension headaches are the most common long-term headaches. It is a pain continuous, moderate and diffuse in the skull. It does not worsen with exertion but is amplified by anxiety or stress. It is accompanied by difficulty concentrating.

The migraines They happen in crises. The pain is localized on one side of the head, it is throbbing. Unlike tension headaches, the pain is increased by effort.

One in two people each year

Few studies were available in less developed and moderately developed countries. In most developed countries, the prevalence of headaches of all types is around 52%, 14% for migraines, 26% for tension headaches and 4.6% for headaches present for more than 15 days in the month.

Put another way, this means that every day nearly 16% of the world’s population has headache. Since the authors have used the publications of the last 60 years, it would seem that the prevalence of headaches of all types is increasing year after year, without it being possible to confirm this with certainty.

Also, over the course of a year, headaches affect more often women (57.8%) who the men (44.4%). With respect to age, headaches are more frequent after puberty and up to 60 years. Children, adolescents and the elderly are less affected.

A better understanding and accurate characterization of populations’ headaches would allow public health policies to be tailored. For this, studies in low- and middle-income countries are needed. In addition, the authors point out that standardized questionnaires would allow data from different studies to be compared.

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